A crime called Genocide
On December 9, 1948, genocide was officially defined as a crime by the United Nations (UN) in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide:
…any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
a) Killing members of the group;
b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
These acts, the intent to destroy and the discriminated groups constitute the three
components of the crime of genocide.
In addition to defining the crime of genocide, the Convention forbids, among others, incitement to commit genocide.
Genocide in Cambodia
Genocide in Rwanda