A comparative understanding of genocide for learning and prevention
Understanding genocide is one of the keys to prevention. Several researchers have discussed the similarities and differences of past genocides and have outlined some central causes which include:
- History of past genocides
- Minority group perceived as a threat
- Context of war
- Difficult socioeconomic situation
- Totalitarian governance
Typical phases of genocide were also identified. , For example, Gregory H. Stanton set out eight stages and means of prevention.
A comparative understanding of past genocides reveals certain limitations and does not always account for the specific social, historical and political context of each event. Without considering these factors, our understanding of these events may be trivialized or oversimplified.