Justice and the Holocaust : Prosecuting Nazi Criminals
At the end of World War II, the Allies convened the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg to prosecute Nazi leaders. At the same time a hunt for Nazi criminals began that led to thousands of trials, many of which were held in Poland.
Some Holocaust survivors took part in this hunt, such as Simon Wiesenthal and Montrealer Joseph Riwash. Riwash was instrumental in the arrests of several Nazis, including Martin Weiss, former commander of the Vilna Ghetto.
Despite these initiatives, many criminals escaped justice. To this day, efforts to find Nazi criminals continue. This undertaking, however, has been met with several difficulties, particularly the advanced age of the perpetrators of the genocide and of the witnesses.