Justice and the Armenian Genocide : fighting denial
The Turkish state has formally denied that the genocide of 1.5 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire ever took place. It has attempted to erase all traces and to suppress those who challenge its claim. Since 1926, the Turkish penal code has banned any insult to “Turkishness” which refers to the Turkish nation.
Despite amendments in 2008, Article 301 of the code remains controversial. In 2005, Armenian-Turkish journalist Hrant Dink was arrested in virtue of the article. Numerous other journalists and writers were also denied freedom of expression. Such was the case of Orhan Pamuk, Nobel laureate in literature. The charges against him, however, were dropped for technical reasons.